Hernando de Soto
Economist, Founder and President of the Liberty and Democracy Institute
Hernando de Soto is a Peruvian economist, known for his work on the informal economy and the importance of business and property rights in economic development. He is the President of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD), located in Lima, Peru.
Between 1988 and 1995, de Soto and the ILD were responsible for some four hundred initiatives, laws, and regulations that changed Peru’s economic system. In particular, ILD designed the administrative reform of Peru’s property system, which has given titles to more than 1.2 million families and helped some 380,000 firms which previously operated in the black market to enter the formal economy by eliminating bureaucratic red-tape.
The Cato Institute and The Economist magazine have argued that de Soto’s policy prescriptions helped undermine the Shining Path guerrilla movement by granting titles to small coca farmers and depriving the terrorist movement of a safe haven, recruits and money. For his efforts, Shining Path tried to assassinate de Soto by bombing the ILD and machine-gunning his car.
De Soto has designed similar growth programmes in El Salvador, Haiti, Tanzania, and Egypt, and has gained favour with institutions such as the World Bank and the government of South Africa. He has also worked extensively as an economist, corporate executive and consultant across Europe.
Spanish Minister of Industry, Foreign Affairs (2000-2002) and Science and Technology (2002-2003).
Economist. Director of ESADE Centre for Economic Policy and Political Economy (ESADEpol)
Worldwide Marketing Director at Apple (2005-2009)
UK Financial Services Secretary 2008-2010, Former President of Marks & Spencer
Former US Secretary of State and Winner of Nobel Peace Prize
President of Colombia (2002-2010)
President of Brazil (1995-2002). Sociologist and intellectual of great prestige and professor of the University of São Paulo
Minister of Foreign Affairs Spain (2011–2016)