Paul Krugman

Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.Prince of Asturias Prize in Social Sciences



"Paul Krugman is an American economist and professor of economics at Princeton University. He is a leading liberal voice in American policy debate and has been called one of the most influential academics in America. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for economics in 2008 in recognition for his work on international economics.

Krugman did a PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1977. In the late 1970s, Krugman began working on international trade and a new model of monopolistic competition within trade. Krugman later developed and popularized work on new trade theory. Krugman’s contributions were to be aware that trade increasingly could be explained, not by comparative advantage, but regional concentration and the economies of scale involved. He also explained the importance of consumers’ preference for diversity, which explains the survival of higher cost goods, which have a distinctive brand. This field of New Trade theory became one of his areas of expertise and would form the basis for his Nobel Prize. Krugman is generally supportive of free trade and globalisation. His work on New Trade Theory slowly evolved into New Economic Geography (NEG). His paper on New Economic Geography (NEG) in the Journal of Political Economy became one of the most cited economic works in this field.

Krugman has worked at various top universities, such as MIT, London School of Economics, and Princeton University. In 1982, he spent a year working for the Council of Economic Advisers under the Presidency of Ronald Reagan."

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